Optic Tract as an Upper Limit in Amygdalectomy: Microsurgical Study
BACKGROUND: In surgeries involving resection of the amygdala, despite clear relations established with the medial, lateral, anterior, posterior, and inferior segments, the upper limit remains controversial. The optic tract (OT) has been anatomically considered as a good landmark immediately inferior to the striatopallidal region. This anatomic structure has barely been explored by microsurgical study, generating uncertainty about the exact relationship with the surrounding structures. OBJECTIVE: To describe the OT in its entire length through microsurgical study, showing its superior, inferior, medial, and lateral relationships and highlighting its value as a landmark in superior amygdala resection. METHODS: Microsurgical anatomic dissection of the OT, from its origin in the chiasm to the lateral geniculate nucleus was performed in 8 alcohol-fixed human hemispheres, showing its different segments and relations. Photographs were taken from different angles to facilitate surgical orientation. RESULTS: We performed a dissection of the OT, showing its position relative to caudate and hippocampal formations. We exposed the structures related to the OT superiorly (striatopallidal region and superior caudate fasciculus), inferiorly (head of the hippocampus, amygdala, anterior choroidal artery, perforating artery branch of the anterior choroidal artery, terminal stria, and basal vein), medially (internal capsule and midbrain), and laterally (temporal stem [uncinate and inferior fronto-occipital fascicle], anterior perforated substance, and superior caudate fasciculus). CONCLUSION: To date, there is a paucity of articles describing the anatomy of the OT from a neurosurgery perspective. In this study, we describe the microsurgical anatomic path of the OT, as a reliable upper limit landmark for amygdala resection.
Medical Subject Headings
Amygdala (anatomy & histology, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Cerebral Arteries (surgery); Cerebral Veins (anatomy & histology); Humans; Optic Tract (surgery); White Matter (anatomy & histology)
Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Garcia-Oriola, Guillermo; Tomasi, Santino Ottavio; Gallardo, Federico; Umana, Giuseppe Emmanuele; Lawton, Michael T.; and Winkler, Peter A., "Optic Tract as an Upper Limit in Amygdalectomy: Microsurgical Study" (2022). Neurosurgery. 1588.