Accuracy in Deep Brain Stimulation Electrode Placement: A Single-Surgeon Retrospective Analysis of Sterotactic Error in Overlapping and Non-Overlapping Surgical Cases
Background: Many surgeons utilize assistants to perform procedures in more than one operating room at a given time using a practice known as overlapping surgery. Debate has continued as to whether overlapping surgery improves the efficiency and access to care or risks patient safety and outcomes. Objective: To examine effects of overlapping surgery in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for movement disorders. Methods: In this retrospective analysis of overlapping and non-overlapping cases, we evaluated stereotactic accuracy, operative duration, length of hospital stay, and the presence of hemorrhage, wound-related complications, and hardware-related complications requiring revision in adults with movement disorders undergoing DBS. Results: Of 324 cases, 141 (43.5%) were overlapping and 183 (56.5%) non-overlapping. Stereotactic error, number of brain penetrations, and postoperative length of hospitalization did not differ significantly (p â‰¥ 0.08) between the overlapping and non-overlapping groups. Mean operative duration was significantly longer for overlapping (81/141 [57.4%], 189.5 Â± 10.8 min) than for non-overlapping cases (79/183 [43.2%], 169.9 Â± 7.6 min; p = 0.004). There were no differences in rates of wound-related complications or hemorrhages, but overlapping cases had a significantly higher rate of hardware-related complications requiring revision (7/141 [5.0%] vs. 0/183 [0%]; p = 0.002). Conclusions: Overlapping and non-overlapping cases had comparable DBS lead placement accuracy. Overlapping cases had a longer operative duration and had a higher rate of hardware-related complications requiring revision.
Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Sheehy, John P.; Chen, Tsinsue; Bohl, Michael A.; Mooney, Michael A.; Mirzadeh, Zaman; and Ponce, Francisco A., "Accuracy in Deep Brain Stimulation Electrode Placement: A Single-Surgeon Retrospective Analysis of Sterotactic Error in Overlapping and Non-Overlapping Surgical Cases" (2019). Neurosurgery. 14.