Transcranial magnetic stimulation for refractory focal status epilepticus in the intensive care unit
Purpose To examine the efficacy and safety profile of antiepileptic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for refractory status epilepticus (RSE) in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. In addition, hypothetical concerns about electrical interference of rTMS with ICU equipment have been previously raised. Methods We describe two cases of RSE treated with rTMS in the ICU. Results In one case, rTMS contributed to decreased seizure frequency; in the second case, rTMS transiently decreased seizure frequency. In both cases, rTMS was safe and did not interfere with the functioning of the ICU equipment. Conclusion rTMS is a potential therapy for RSE when conventional therapies have failed. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of various rTMS stimulation parameters, safety issues, and bioengineering considerations in the ICU setting. © 2013 British Epilepsy Association.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Liu, Anli; Pang, Trudy; Herman, Susan; Pascual-Leone, Alvaro; and Rotenberg, Alexander, "Transcranial magnetic stimulation for refractory focal status epilepticus in the intensive care unit" (2013). Neurology Articles. 543.