Increased risk of depressive and anxiety disorders in relatives of patients with Parkinson disease
Context: Relatives of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have an increased risk of PD and other neurologic disorders; however, their risk of psychiatric disorders remains uncertain. Objective: To study the risk of depressive disorders and anxiety disorders among first-degree relatives of patients with PD compared with first-degree relatives of controls. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a population-based, historical cohort study, we included 1000 first-degree relatives of 162 patients with PD and 850 first-degree relatives of 147 controls. Both patients with PD and controls were representative of the population of Olmsted County, Minnesota. Main Outcome Measures: Documentation of psychiatric disorders was obtained for each relative separately through a combination of telephone interviews with the relatives (or their proxies) and review of their medical records from a records-linkage system (family study method). Psychiatric disorders were defined using clinical criteria from the DSM-IV or routine diagnoses. Results: We found an increased risk of several psychiatric disorders in first-degree relatives of patients with PD compared with first-degree relatives of controls (hazard ratio [HR], 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21-1.95; P<.001). In particular, we found an increased risk of depressive disorders (HR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.11-1.89; P=.006) and anxiety disorders (HR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.05-2.28; P=.03). The results were consistent in analyses that adjusted for type of interview, excluded relatives who developed parkinsonism, or excluded relatives who developed both a depressive disorder and an anxiety disorder. Conclusion: These findings suggest that depressive disorders and anxiety disorders may share familial susceptibility factors with PD. ©2007 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
Archives of General Psychiatry
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Arabia, Gennarina; Grossardt, Brandon R.; Geda, Yonas E.; Carlin, Justin M.; Bower, James H.; Ahlskog, J. Eric; Maraganore, Demetrius M.; and Rocca, Walter A., "Increased risk of depressive and anxiety disorders in relatives of patients with Parkinson disease" (2007). Neurology. 450.