Autoantibody to MOG Suggests two Distinct Clinical Subtypes of Nmosd
We characterized a unique group of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who carried autoantibodies of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) and myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). Among the 125 NMOSD patients, 10 (8.0%) were AQP4- and MOG-ab double positive, and 14 (11.2%) were MOG-ab single positive. The double-positive patients had a multiphase disease course with a high annual relapse rate (P=0.0431), and severe residual disability (P>0.0001). Of the double- positive patients, 70% had MS-like brain lesions, more severe edematous, multifocal regions on spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pronounced decreases of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and atrophy of optic nerves. In contrast, patients with only MOG-ab had a higher ratio of monophasic disease course and mild residual disability. Spinal cord MRI illustrated multifocal cord lesions with mild edema, and brain MRIs showed more lesions around lateral ventricles. NMOSD patients carrying both autoantibodies to AQP4 and MOG existed and exhibited combined features of prototypic NMO and relapsing- remitting form of MS, whereas NMOSD with antibodies to MOG only exhibited an â€œintermediateâ€ phenotype between NMOSD and MS. Our study suggests that antibodies against MOG might be pathogenic in NMOSD patients and that determination of anti-MOG antibodies maybe instructive for management of NMOSD patients.
Medical Subject Headings
Science China Life Sciences
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Yan, Yaping; Li, Yujing; Fu, Ying; Yang, Li; Su, Lei; Shi, Kaibin; Li, Minshu; Liu, Qiang; Borazanci, Aimee; Liu, Yaou; He, Yong; Bennett, Jeffrey L.; Vollmer, Timothy L.; and Shi, Fu Dong, "Autoantibody to MOG Suggests two Distinct Clinical Subtypes of Nmosd" (2016). Neurology. 25.