Health Care Expenditures Associated with Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Propensity-Adjusted Analysis
OBJECTIVE: The additional hospital costs associated with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) have not been well investigated in prior literature. In this study, the total hospital cost of DCI in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemmorhage (aSAH) patients treated at a single quaternary center was analyzed. METHODS: All patients in the Post-Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial treated for an aSAH between January 1, 2014, and July 31, 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. DCI was defined as cerebral infarction identified on computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or autopsy after exclusion of procedure-related infarctions. The primary outcome was the difference in total cost (including hospital, discharge facility, and all follow-up) using a propensity-adjusted analysis. Propensity score covariate-adjusted linear regression analysis included age, sex, open versus endovascular treatment, Hunt and Hess score, and Charlson Comorbidity Index score. RESULTS: Of the 391 patients included, 144 (37%) had DCI. Patients with DCI had a significantly greater cost compared to patients without DCI (mean standard deviation $112,081 [$54,022] vs. $86,159 [$38,817]; P < 0.001) and a significantly greater length of stay (21 days  vs. 18 days , P = 0.003, respectively). In propensity-adjusted linear regression analysis, both DCI (odds ratio, $13,871; 95% confidence interval, $7558-$20,185; P < 0.001) and length of stay (odds ratio, $3815 per day; 95% confidence interval, $3480-$4149 per day; P < 0.001) were found to significantly increase the cost. CONCLUSIONS: The significantly higher costs associated with DCI further support the evidence that adverse effects associated with DCI in aSAH pose a significant burden to the health care system.
Medical Subject Headings
Humans; Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (complications); Retrospective Studies; Health Expenditures; Cerebral Infarction (etiology, complications); Brain Ischemia (complications)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Koester, Stefan W.; Catapano, Joshua S.; Rumalla, Kavelin; Dabrowski, Stephen J.; Benner, Dimitri; Winkler, Ethan A.; Cole, Tyler S.; Baranoski, Jacob F.; Srinivasan, Visish M.; Graffeo, Christopher S.; Jha, Ruchira M.; Jadhav, Ashutosh P.; Ducruet, Andrew F.; Albuquerque, Felipe C.; and Lawton, Michael T., "Health Care Expenditures Associated with Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Propensity-Adjusted Analysis" (2022). Neurology. 1343.