Preoperative treatment with botulinum toxin to facilitate cervical fusion in dystonic cerebral palsy. Report of two cases.
The authors report the use of high-dose botulinum toxin A for muscle relaxation prior to surgery for cervical spine fixation in two patients with dystonic cerebral palsy that included severe cervical dystonia. Both patients had recently developed progressive cervical myelopathy and surgery was planned to halt the insidious progressive weakness. However, marked dystonic posturing of the neck would have compromised their tolerance of halo fixation and subsequently impeded postoperative fusion. Preoperative chemodenervation of selected cervical muscles with injections of high-dose botulinum toxin A eliminated all involuntary neck movements, permitting the patients to tolerate halo fixation and facilitating postoperative spinal fusion. It is concluded that botulinum toxin A can be used safely and effectively in the preoperative management of patients with cervical dystonia and cervical spondylitic myelopathy.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Anti-Dyskinesia Agents; Botulinum Toxins; Cerebral Palsy; Cervical Vertebrae; Dystonia; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Preoperative Care; Spinal Fusion; Spine; Treatment Outcome
Journal of neurosurgery
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Racette, B A; Lauryssen, C; and Perlmutter, J S, "Preoperative treatment with botulinum toxin to facilitate cervical fusion in dystonic cerebral palsy. Report of two cases." (1998). Neurology. 1214.