The septin CDCrel-1 binds syntaxin and inhibits exocytosis
Septins are GTPases required for the completion of cytokinesis in diverse organisms, yet their roles in cytokinesis or other cellular processes remain unknown. Here we describe studies of a newly identified septin, CDCrel-1, which is predominantly expressed in the nervous system. This protein was associated with membrane fractions, and a significant fraction of the protein copurified and coprecipitated with synaptic vesicles. In detergent extracts, CDCrel-1 and another septin, Nedd5, immunoprecipitated with the SNARE protein syntaxin by directly binding to syntaxin via the SNARE interaction domain. Transfection of HIT-T15 cells with wild-type CDCrel-1 inhibited secretion, whereas GTPase dominant-negative mutants enhanced secretion. These data suggest that septins may regulate vesicle dynamics through interactions with syntaxin.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Beites, Crestina L.; Xie, Hong; Bowser, Robert; and Trimble, William S., "The septin CDCrel-1 binds syntaxin and inhibits exocytosis" (1999). Neurobiology. 618.