Selective inversion recovery quantitative magnetization transfer imaging: Toward a 3 T clinical application in multiple sclerosis.
BACKGROUND: Assessing the degree of myelin injury in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is challenging due to the lack of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods specific to myelin quantity. By measuring distinct tissue parameters from a two-pool model of the magnetization transfer (MT) effect, quantitative magnetization transfer (qMT) may yield these indices. However, due to long scan times, qMT has not been translated clinically.
OBJECTIVES: We aim to assess the clinical feasibility of a recently optimized selective inversion recovery (SIR) qMT and to test the hypothesis that SIR-qMT-derived metrics are informative of radiological and clinical disease-related changes in MS.
METHODS: A total of 18 MS patients and 9 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent a 3.0 Tesla (3 T) brain MRI, including clinical scans and an optimized SIR-qMT protocol. Four subjects were re-scanned at a 2-week interval to determine inter-scan variability.
RESULTS: SIR-qMT measures differed between lesional and non-lesional tissue (
CONCLUSION: SIR-qMT at 3 T is clinically feasible and predicts both radiological and clinical disease severity in MS.
Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Bagnato, Francesca; Franco, Giulia; Ye, Fei; Fan, Run; Commiskey, Patricia; Smith, Seth A; Xu, Junzhong; and Dortch, Richard, "Selective inversion recovery quantitative magnetization transfer imaging: Toward a 3 T clinical application in multiple sclerosis." (2020). Neurobiology. 487.