CoCl2-induced biochemical hypoxia down regulates activities and expression of super oxide dismutase and catalase in cerebral cortex of mice
Hypoxia-induced oxidative stress is one of the major hallmark reasons underlying brain dysfunction. In the present manuscript, we have used CoCl2-induced hypoxic mice to investigate alterations in the activities of chief antioxidative stress enzymes- superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) and expression of their genes Sod1 and Cat in the cerebral cortex as this model has not been routinely used for carrying out such study. Hypoxia mimetic mice model was accordingly developed by oral CoCl2 administration to mice and validated by analyzing alterations in the expression of the hypoxia inducible factor gene Hif-1α and its immediate responsive genes. Our Western blot data demonstrated that a dose of 40 mg/kg BW of CoCl2 was able to generate hypoxia like condition in mice in which Hif-1α and its immediate responsive genes-glutamate transporter-1 (Slc2a1) and erythropoietin (Epo) expression were up regulated. Our in-gel assay data indicated that SOD and CAT activities significantly declined and it was associated with significant down regulation of Sod1 and Epo expression as evident from our semi quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot data, which might be correlated with up regulation of Hif-1α expression in the cerebral cortex of the CoCl2-treated hypoxic mice. Our findings suggest that CoCl2-induced hypoxic mouse model is useful for studying alterations in the anti oxidative enzymes and biochemical/molecular/neurobiological analysis of hypoxia-induced alterations in brain function.
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Blotting, Western; Catalase (metabolism); Cerebral Cortex (enzymology, metabolism); Cobalt (pharmacology); Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Down-Regulation; Hypoxia (chemically induced, metabolism); Male; Mice; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Superoxide Dismutase (metabolism)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Rani, Anupama and Prasad, S, "CoCl2-induced biochemical hypoxia down regulates activities and expression of super oxide dismutase and catalase in cerebral cortex of mice" (2014). Translational Neuroscience. 2222.