Title

Regional variations in cortical cholinergic innervation: Chemoarchitectonics of acetylcholinesterase-containing fibers in the macaque brain

Document Type

Article

Abstract

There are marked regional variations in the laminar distribution and intensity of acetylcholinesterase containing fibers in cortex. These fibers were particularly prominent in the 5 major paralimbic (mesocortical) regions of the brain: the insula, the caudal orbitofrontal cortex, the temporal pole, the cingulate gyrus and the parahippocampal region. Within these 5 areas, the part of cortex which is adjacent to allocortex has the most acetylcholinesterase and there is a gradual decline towards granular isocortex. The primary sensory-motor areas have distinctive laminar patterns of enzyme distribution. For example, primary visual, auditory and somesthetic koniocortices are characterized by a salient band in layer IV. On the other hand, motor and premotor areas are characterized by a concentration of radially arranged fibers within the deeper layers of cortex. High order sensory association areas throughout the cortical mantle consistently contain the least amount of acetylcholinesterase-positive fibers. It is conceivable that these patterns reflect regional variations in the distribution of cortical cholinergic innervation. The cortical topography of cholinergic markers may be relevant to the biological organization of mood and memory and also to the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease and of partial epilepsy. © 1984.

Keywords

acetylcholinesterase, Alzheimer's disease, cholinergic, cortex, limbic, monkey, paralimbic

Publication Date

10-8-1984

Publication Title

Brain Research

ISSN

00068993

Volume

311

Issue

2

First Page

245

Last Page

258

PubMed ID

6498483

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/0006-8993(84)90087-8

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