Cervical Corpectomy and Plate Fixation for Postlaminectomy Kyphosis
Between 1987 and 1991, 20 patients with symptomatic postlaminectomy kyphosis were treated with anterior decompression, bone graft, and anterior cervical plate. The patients were predominantly male (14:6) with a mean age of 58 years. The initial laminectomy was performed for either spondylosis (80%) or spinal tumor (20%). All patients had anterior compressive pathology, which was associated with instability (45%), neck pain (75%), myeloradiculopathy (90%), or severe neck deformity (30%). The mean degree of kyphosis was 38Â°. Treatment consisted of a trial of cervical traction (75%), anterior corpectomy (95%), intersegmental decompression (5%), bone fusion (100%), and fixation with either Caspar (85%) or Synthes (15%) anterior plating at a mean of 3.8 levels. Halo fixation was used in 10% of patients. Postoperative complications included vocal cord paresis (15%), pneumonia (10%), wound dehiscence (5%), and screw pull-out (5%). At follow-up evaluation, a mean of 28 months after treatment, all patients had a solid fusion and a mean curvature improvement to 16Â° residual kyphosis. Neurologically, 10% were cured, 55% were improved and returned to premorbid function, 30% were stable, and 5% had late progression. These data suggest that immediate fixation with anterior plating facilitates solid fusion, maintains spinal curvature, and promotes neurological improvement.
Journal of Neurosurgery
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Herman, J. M. and Sonntag, Volker K.H., "Cervical Corpectomy and Plate Fixation for Postlaminectomy Kyphosis" (1994). Neurosurgery. 79.