Title

Resection and permanent intracranial brachytherapy using modular, biocompatible cesium-131 implants: results in 20 recurrent, previously irradiated meningiomas.

Department

Neurosurgery; Radiation Oncology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Effective treatments for recurrent, previously irradiated intracranial meningiomas are limited, and resection alone is not usually curative. Thus, the authors studied the combination of maximum safe resection and adjuvant radiation using permanent intracranial brachytherapy (R+BT) in patients with recurrent, previously irradiated aggressive meningiomas.

METHODS: Patients with recurrent, previously irradiated meningiomas were treated between June 2013 and October 2016 in a prospective single-arm trial of R+BT. Cesium-131 (Cs-131) radiation sources were embedded in modular collagen carriers positioned in the operative bed on completion of resection. The Cox proportional hazards model with this treatment as a predictive term was used to model its effect on time to local tumor progression.

RESULTS: Nineteen patients (median age 64.5 years, range 50-78 years) with 20 recurrent, previously irradiated tumors were treated. The WHO grade at R+BT was I in 4 (20%), II in 14 (70%), and III in 2 (10%) cases. The median number of prior same-site radiation courses and same-site surgeries were 1 (range 1-3) and 2 (range 1-4), respectively; the median preoperative tumor volume was 11.3 cm3 (range 0.9-92.0 cm3). The median radiation dose from BT was 63 Gy (range 54-80 Gy). At a median radiographic follow-up of 15.4 months (range 0.03-47.5 months), local failure (within 1.5 cm of the implant bed) occurred in 2 cases (10%). The median treatment-site time to progression after R+BT has not been reached; that after the most recent prior therapy was 18.3 months (range 3.9-321.9 months; HR 0.17, p = 0.02, log-rank test). The median overall survival after R+BT was 26 months, with 9 patient deaths (47% of patients). Treatment was well tolerated; 2 patients required surgery for complications, and 2 experienced radiation necrosis, which was managed medically.

CONCLUSIONS: R+BT utilizing Cs-131 sources in modular carriers represents a potentially safe and effective treatment option for recurrent, previously irradiated aggressive meningiomas.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Biocompatible Materials; Brachytherapy; Cesium Radioisotopes; Collagen; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Meningeal Neoplasms; Meningioma; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Prospective Studies; Survival Rate; Treatment Outcome

Publication Date

12-21-2018

Publication Title

Journal of neurosurgery

ISSN

1933-0693

Volume

131

Issue

6

First Page

1819

Last Page

1828

PubMed ID

30579269

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.3171/2018.7.JNS18656

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