Management of cranial base chondrosarcomas.
OBJECTIVE: Chondrosarcomas are rare, infiltrative, progressive lesions that occur at the cranial base. Their intimate association with cranial nerves and major vessels of the head and neck often precludes complete surgical resection.
METHODS: Between 1983 and 2003, 23 patients (14 females, 9 males) were treated at our institution with the diagnosis of chondrosarcoma of the cranial base (mean age at presentation, 43 yr). A retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate presentation, management, and adjunctive treatment. All living patients were contacted for a current examination and disease status.
RESULTS: The 23 patients underwent 43 surgical resections. Follow-up ranged from 8 months to 25 years (mean, 97 mo). Ten patients underwent various adjuvant radiation therapies. Five patients have died. Four patients have no evidence of disease, and 13 have residual tumor. One was lost to follow-up. Of 14 patients with 5 years of follow-up, 13 are living. Therefore, the absolute 5 year survival rate is 93%. The 10 year survival rate is 71%.
CONCLUSION: Because of the intricate nature of the cranial base, a team approach is preferable for managing these challenging lesions. Maximum cytoreductive surgery should be pursued as an initial strategy to minimize neurological injury. Adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery can be used to treat residual disease or small recurrences. This cohort also illustrates that patients with chondrosarcomas have better long-term survival rates than patients with chordomas of the cranial base.
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Child; Chondrosarcoma; Disease Management; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Radiography; Retrospective Studies; Skull Base Neoplasms; Survival Rate
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Wanebo, John E; Bristol, Ruth E; Porter, Randall W; Coons, Stephen W; and Spetzler, Robert F, "Management of cranial base chondrosarcomas." (2006). Neurosurgery. 682.