Complications of femoral versus radial access in neuroendovascular procedures with propensity adjustment.
BACKGROUND: The transradial artery (TRA) approach for neuroendovascular procedures continues to gain popularity, but neurointerventionalists still lag behind interventional cardiologists in the adoption of a TRA-first approach. This study compares the complications and efficiency of the TRA approach to the standard transfemoral artery (TFA) approach at our institution during our initial phase of adopting a TRA-first approach.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all consecutive neuroangiographic procedures performed at a large cerebrovascular center from October 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019. The standard TFA approach was compared with TRA access, with the primary outcome of complications analyzed via a propensity-adjusted analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 1050 consecutive procedures were performed on 877 patients during this 9-month period; 206 (20%) procedures were performed via TRA and 844 (80%) via TFA. The overall complication rate was significantly higher with the TFA procedures than with the TRA procedures (7% (60/844) vs 2% (4/206), respectively; p=0.003). A propensity-adjusted analysis showed that the TFA approach was a significant risk factor for a complication (OR 3.6, 95% CI 1.3 to 10.2, p=0.01). However, the propensity analysis showed that fluoroscopy times were on average 4 min less for TFA procedures than for TRA procedures (p=0.003).
CONCLUSION: The TRA approach for neuroendovascular procedures appears to be safer than the TFA approach. Although a steep learning curve is initially encountered when adopting the TRA approach, the transition to a TRA-first practice can be performed safely for neurointerventional procedures and may reduce complications.
J Neurointerv Surg
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Catapano, Joshua S; Fredrickson, Vance L; Fujii, Tatsuhiro; Cole, Tyler S; Koester, Stefan W; Baranoski, Jacob F; Cavalcanti, Daniel D; Wilkinson, D Andrew; Majmundar, Neil; Lang, Michael J; Lawton, Michael T.; Ducruet, Andrew F.; and Albuquerque, Felipe C., "Complications of femoral versus radial access in neuroendovascular procedures with propensity adjustment." (2020). Neurosurgery. 646.