Dissection of the Petrosal Presigmoid-Retrolabyrinthine Approach for the Petroclival Region on a Cadaver: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.



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Skull base epidermoid tumors, meningiomas, and schwannomas can be accessed by different techniques depending on the location and size of the lesion. Small lesions located anterior to the internal acoustic meatus (IAM) can be accessed via the subtemporal approach, and lesions located posterior to the IAM can be approached via retrosigmoid craniotomy. However, expansive lesions that are located anterior to the IAM and extend posteriorly toward the lower clivus can be accessed via the petrosal approach. The petrosal approach (presigmoid-retrolabyrinthine) is centered on the petrous ridge of the temporal bone and is mainly performed for intradural lesions located at the clivus and petroclivus junction area. Patients with intact hearing can benefit from this technique, as the labyrinth is untouched and yet the middle and posterior fossa compartments are connected. Additionally, extension of the lesion from the suprasellar area/cavernous sinus to the foramen magnum can be dissected and removed. There are variations of the petrosal approach, such as translabyrinthine, transotic, and transchoclear, with which hearing cannot be preserved, and the "transcrusal" approach, wherein posterior and superior semicircular canals are sacrificed yet hearing preserved. The endolymphatic duct is usually transected and not reapproximated. Neurotology input is always helpful when dealing with inner ear structures.  This complex approach demands exhaustive practice with temporal bone dissection in a cadaver laboratory. Although this approach can be extended anteriorly, combination with an anterior petrosal approach permits more rostral exposure. In this video, we demonstrate the stepwise dissection of the posterior petrosal approach only, showing procedure nuances in a cadaver.1-8Used with permission from Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona.

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Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)



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