Doing More with Less: A Minimally Invasive, Cost-Conscious Approach to Stereoelectroencephalography.
BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is a commonly used technique for mapping the epileptogenic zone before epilepsy surgery. Many SEEG depth electrode implantation techniques involve the use of extensive technological equipment and shaving of the patient's entire head before electrode implantation. Our goal was to evaluate an SEEG depth electrode implantation technique that used readily available cost-effective neurosurgical equipment, was minimally invasive in nature, and required negligible hair shaving.
METHODS: Data on demographic characteristics, operative time, hemorrhagic complications, implantation complications, infection, morbidity, and mortality among patients who underwent this procedure were reviewed retrospectively.
RESULTS: Between April 2016 and March 2018, 23 patients underwent implantation of 213 depth electrodes with use of this technique. Mean (SD) operative time was 123 (32) minutes (range, 66-181 minutes). A mean (SD) of 9.3 (1.4) electrodes were placed for each patient (range, 8-13 electrodes). Two of the 213 electrodes (0.9%) were associated with postimplantation asymptomatic hemorrhage. One of the 213 electrodes (0.5%) was placed extradurally or incorrectly. None of the 213 electrodes was associated with symptomatic complications. No patients experienced infectious complications at any point in the preoperative, perioperative, or postoperative stages.
CONCLUSIONS: This minimally invasive, cost-effective technique for SEEG depth electrode implantation is a safe, efficient method that uses readily available basic neurosurgical equipment. This technique may be useful in neurosurgery centers with more limited resources. This study suggests that leaving the patient's hair largely intact throughout the procedure does not pose an additional infection risk.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Electroencephalography; Epilepsy; Female; Humans; Male; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; Operative Time; Retrospective Studies; Stereotaxic Techniques; Young Adult
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Whiting, Alexander C; Catapano, Joshua S; Zavala, Baltazar; Walker, Corey T; Godzik, Jakub; Chen, Tsinsue; and Smith, Kris A, "Doing More with Less: A Minimally Invasive, Cost-Conscious Approach to Stereoelectroencephalography." (2020). Neurosurgery. 602.