Posterior C2-6 Laminoplasty for Resection of Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.
Large extramedullary-intramedullary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) within the spinal cord provide a unique management opportunity, compared with the cranial counterpart, in that the surgical morbidity can be minimized and surgical cure can still be achieved by resecting the extramedullary segment and leaving the intramedullary segment without invading the parenchyma. This management strategy minimizes morbidity and provides an excellent chance of surgical cure. This patient had a history of longstanding left hemiparesis since birth that progressed, prompting imaging evaluation that demonstrated a large cervical AVM with bilateral vertebral artery, anterior spinal artery, and left thyrocervical trunk feeding vessels. The AVM had both extramedullary and intramedullary components, making this a challenging lesion for microsurgical obliteration and preservation of neurological function. Preoperative embolization was utilized through the right vertebral artery pedicle. Microdissection was performed to isolate the extramedullary from the intramedullary component. Surgical cure was attempted for this patient by removing the extramedullary component and leaving the intramedullary segment. Indocyanine green fluoroscopy was used to isolate the feeding pedicle and guide surgical resection. Postoperative imaging demonstrated a small residual from the thyrocervical injection, which was obliterated with embolization. The patient improved neurologically within the postoperative period and regained ambulatory status during long-term follow-up. The patient gave informed consent for surgery and video recording. Institutional review board approval was deemed unnecessary. Used with permission from Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hendricks, Benjamin K and Spetzler, Robert F, "Posterior C2-6 Laminoplasty for Resection of Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video." (2020). Neurosurgery. 558.