Supraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Clipping Complicated by Aneurysm Dome Origin of the Anterior Choroidal Artery: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.
Supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms most commonly arise at the origin of the posterior communicating or anterior choroidal artery. The unique angioarchitecture presented in this case involved the anterior choroidal artery (AChA) originating from the dome of a supraclinoid ICA aneurysm. Treatment is associated with high morbidity because of the eloquent parenchyma perfused by the AChA. Therefore, the preservation of flow within the AChA during clipping is paramount. Anterior choroidal syndrome, comprising hemiplegia, hemianesthesia, and hemianopsia, conveys a significant morbidity. This syndrome is observed in the setting of AChA sacrifice and can be observed in a delayed manner after clipping. Anterior choroidal syndrome is of uncertain etiology but is associated with AChA infarction. This patient presented with tinnitus and was found to have an incidental supraclinoid ICA aneurysm with AChA originating from the aneurysmal dome. A right orbitozygomatic craniotomy was performed for a transsylvian approach to the aneurysm. A fenestrated clip was applied to occlude the aneurysmal portion of the ICA up to the point of AChA origin. A curved clip was then used to occlude the AChA segment of the aneurysm, providing patency to the AChA takeoff along the ICA. Patency of the AChA and ICA was confirmed with intraoperative angiography, and the patient had a favorable clinical outcome. This case exemplified an excellent surgical clipping of a challenging supraclinoid ICA aneurysm involving the need to preserve a vessel off the aneurysm dome. The patient gave informed consent for surgery and video recording. Institutional review board approval was deemed unnecessary. Used with permission from Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hendricks, Benjamin K and Spetzler, Robert F, "Supraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Clipping Complicated by Aneurysm Dome Origin of the Anterior Choroidal Artery: 2-Dimensional Operative Video." (2020). Neurosurgery Articles. 550.