The Anterolateral Limit of the Occipital Lobe: an Anatomical and Imaging Study
Objectives The boundaries of the temporal lobe, the parietal lobe, and the anterior portion of the occipital lobe (OL) are poorly defined. Lesions in these areas can be difficult to localize. Therefore, we studied the anterolateral limit of the OL to identify reliable anatomical landmarks. Design In 10 formalin-fixed cadaveric heads, the boundaries of the OL and relative anatomical landmarks were studied. Main Outcome Measures Distances between the following structures were measured: (1) preoccipital tentorial plica (POTP) to the junction between lambdoid suture and superior border of the transverse sinus (POTP-SL), (2) POTP to the sinodural angle of Citelli (POTP-PP), (3) lambda to parietooccipital sulcus (L-POS), and (4) preoccipital notch to termination of the vein of LabbÃ© (PON-VL). Landmarks in 559 computed tomography and magnetic resonance images were also studied. Results The POTP was found on the tentorium of all anatomical specimens, located at the same coronal level as the PON and its attachment to the bony protuberance (BP) at the lateral cranial wall. The mean distances were POTP-SL, 6.5 Â± 6.4 mm; POTP-PP, 18.1 Â± 7.8 mm; L-POS, 10.8 Â± 5.0 mm; and PON-VL, 8.8 Â± 10.1 mm. Conclusion Osseous (asterion, lambda, and BP), dural (POTP), and vascular (VL) landmarks can be used as reference structures to identify the anterolateral limit of the OL.
Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
C. Reis, Cassius Vinicius; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M.; Dru, Alexander; Lei, Ting; Gusmão, Sebastian N.S.; Tazinaffo, Uadson; Zabramski, Joseph M.; Spetzler, Robert F.; and Preul, Mark C., "The Anterolateral Limit of the Occipital Lobe: an Anatomical and Imaging Study" (2016). Neurosurgery. 434.