Microsurgical Treatment of Recurrent Conus Medullaris Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the conus medullaris have a unique angioarchitecture due to their involvement of the arterial basket of the conus medullaris, which represents an arterial anastomotic network between the anterior spinal artery (ASA) and posterior spinal arteries (PSAs) at the level of the conus medullaris.1 These lesions consist of a combination of a true AVM nidus, which is usually extramedullary, and direct shunts between the ASA, PSAs, and the venous system. Patients may present with radiculopathy, myelopathy, or subarachnoid hemorrhage.2A 40-yr-old woman status post T11-L1 laminoplasty for resection of a ruptured conus AVM 6 yr prior presented with routine follow-up angiography suggestive of an arteriovenous fistula. She was counseled regarding treatment options including endovascular embolization and microsurgical ligation or resection, and she elected to proceed with surgical treatment. At the time of surgery, a recurrent AVM was noted. A 2-dimensional intraoperative video illustrates the microsurgical treatment of her recurrent conus AVM. The patient recovered well postoperatively. Spinal angiography demonstrated complete obliteration of the lesion. The patient experienced transient urinary retention that was self-limited but otherwise was without any new neurological deficit. Due to the retrospective nature of this report, informed consent was not required.Video used with permission from Barrow Neurological Institute, all rights reserved.
Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Woodall, M. Neil and Spetzler, Robert F., "Microsurgical Treatment of Recurrent Conus Medullaris Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video" (2019). Neurosurgery. 266.