Microsurgical Anatomy and Quantitative Analysis of the Transtemporal- Transchoroidal Fissure Approach to the Ambient Cistern
OBJECTIVE: Surgical approaches to ambient cistern lesions are complex. We investigated the microanatomy of the transtemporal-transchoroidal fissure approach to the ambient cistern with emphasis on exposure of the posterior cerebral artery. METHODS: Dissections were performed bilaterally in five silicone-injected cadaveric heads. Critical anatomic distances, specifically with reference to the P2 segment of posterior cerebral artery in relation to the inferior choroidal point and P2-P3 junction, were measured with digital calipers. Other landmarks (temporal lobe tip, points from the temporal base to the choroidal fissure) were included for quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The transtemporal-transchoroidal fissure approach provided adequate exposure of the ambient cistern, minimized temporal lobe retraction, and allowed assessment of regional microanatomy. The mean distance from the temporal base to the choroidal fissure measured 18.09 mm (range, 16.9-21.9 mm). The distances from the choroidal fissure to P2 varied at the coronal plane of the inferior ehoroidal point (mean, 6.96 mm; range, 3.6-12.0 mm) and the P2-P3 junction (mean, 6.02 mm; range, 4.3-6.9 mm), respectively. CONCLUSION: The transtemporal-transchoroidal fissure approach provides a corridor to the ambient cistern and P2-P3 junction while minimizing temporal lobe retraction and avoiding interruption of temporal lobe venous drainage. Because of widely variable vascular anatomy, access to posterior cerebral artery lesions using this approach requires preoperative imaging to identify the specific location of the P2-P3 junction.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Siwanuwatn, Rungsak; Deshmukh, Pushpa; Zabramski, Joseph M.; Preul, Mark C.; and Spetzler, Robert F., "Microsurgical Anatomy and Quantitative Analysis of the Transtemporal- Transchoroidal Fissure Approach to the Ambient Cistern" (2005). Neurosurgery. 261.