Lumbar corpectomy for correction of degenerative scoliosis from osteoradionecrosis reveals a delayed complication of lumbar myxopapillary ependymoma
Osteoradionecrosis is a known complication following radiation therapy, presenting most commonly in the cervical spine as a delayed consequence of radiation that is often necessary in the management of head and neck cancers. In contrast, osteoradionecrosis has rarely been described in the lumbar spine. Here we describe, to our knowledge, the first reported case of lumbar spine osteoradionecrosis, after adjuvant radiation for a primary spinal cord tumor, leading to progressive degenerative scoliosis which required subsequent operative management. Established guidelines recommend that mature bone can tolerate a dose of up to 6000 cGy without injury. However, once bone has been exposed to radiation over this level progressive soft tissue changes may lead to devascularization, leaving the bone vulnerable to osteonecrosis, specifically when manipulated. Radiation necrosis can be progressive and lead to eventual mechanical instability requiring debridement and surgical fixation. In the setting of the lumbar spine, osseous necrosis can lead to biomechanical instability, deformity, pain, and neurologic deficit.
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Ependymoma (complications, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae (diagnostic imaging, surgery); Male; Osteoradionecrosis (complications, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Radiation Injuries (complications, diagnostic imaging, surgery); Scoliosis (diagnostic imaging, etiology, surgery); Spinal Fusion (instrumentation, methods); Spinal Neoplasms (complications, diagnostic imaging, surgery)
Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Palejwala, Sheri K.; Lawson, Kevin A.; Kent, Sean L.; Martirosyan, Nikolay L.; and Dumont, Travis M., "Lumbar corpectomy for correction of degenerative scoliosis from osteoradionecrosis reveals a delayed complication of lumbar myxopapillary ependymoma" (2016). Neurosurgery. 1700.