Historical perspectives, challenges, and future directions of implantable brain-computer interfaces for sensorimotor applications
Almost 100 years ago experiments involving electrically stimulating and recording from the brain and the body launched new discoveries and debates on how electricity, movement, and thoughts are related. Decades later the development of brain-computer interface technology began, which now targets a wide range of applications. Potential uses include augmentative communication for locked-in patients and restoring sensorimotor function in those who are battling disease or have suffered traumatic injury. Technical and surgical challenges still surround the development of brain-computer technology, however, before it can be widely deployed. In this review we explore these challenges, historical perspectives, and the remarkable achievements of clinical study participants who have bravely forged new paths for future beneficiaries.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Chandrasekaran, Santosh; Fifer, Matthew; Bickel, Stephan; Osborn, Luke; Herrero, Jose; Christie, Breanne; Xu, Junqian; Murphy, Rory K.; Singh, Sandeep; Glasser, Matthew F.; Collinger, Jennifer L.; Gaunt, Robert; Mehta, Ashesh D.; Schwartz, Andrew; and Bouton, Chad E., "Historical perspectives, challenges, and future directions of implantable brain-computer interfaces for sensorimotor applications" (2021). Neurosurgery. 1476.