Transorbital Neuroendoscopic Surgery as a Mainstream Neurosurgical Corridor: A Systematic Review
Background: Transorbital neuroendoscopic surgery (TONES) offers a new level of minimally invasive, minimally disfiguring skull base surgery with maximal surgical visualization. Methods: This review systematically assesses the body of published anatomic (cadaveric) and clinical evidence for the approach. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid MEDLINE, and Embase were systematically searched for articles in which the TONES surgical technique was used in an anatomic, clinical, or combined study. The outcomes of interest included identification of the diseases, operative outcomes, and complication rates. Results: Twenty-three articles were selected for this systematic review: 10 were purely anatomic, 10 were clinical, and 3 had both clinical and cadaveric components. The articles reported 69 patients undergoing transorbital or combined transorbital and transnasal intervention. A total of 30 cases of cerebrospinal fluid leak were documented; of these, 28 (93%) had successful resolution, 2 (7%) had recurrence, and 5 (15%) experienced complications. A total of 31 tumors were biopsied (n = 1), resected (n = 22), or debulked (n = 8). Meningiomas were the most common lesion managed via TONES, with 5 of 7 patients with meningioma who reported preoperative neurologic deficits experiencing an improvement in extraocular movement impairment, visual acuity, proptosis, and ptosis. Transient postoperative clinical sequelae, including diplopia and ptosis, were increasingly associated with the superior lid crease incision and the sole transorbital approach. Conclusions: TONES is a significant development in transorbital skull base surgery. However, comprehensive, robust, comparative analyses and increasing use and generalizability of this technique in skull base surgery are awaited.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Houlihan, Lena Mary; Staudinger Knoll, Ann J.; Kakodkar, Pramath; Zhao, Xiaochun; O'Sullivan, Michael G.J.; Lawton, Michael T.; and Preul, Mark C., "Transorbital Neuroendoscopic Surgery as a Mainstream Neurosurgical Corridor: A Systematic Review" (2021). Neurosurgery Articles. 1430.