Long-Term Independence in Older Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial
Objective: Older patients have a higher risk for poor neurological outcomes following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This study compared functional independence in older versus younger patients with aSAH and compared endovascular coiling with microsurgical clipping in the older cohort. Methods: Patients enrolled in the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial (BRAT) with confirmed aSAH were analyzed. Patients were grouped by age: older (≥65 years old) or younger (<65 years old). The primary outcome analyzed was functional independence at long-term follow-up, defined as Barthel index >80 at 6-year follow-up. A second analysis was performed comparing functional independence in older patients treated with endovascular coiling versus microsurgical clipping. Results: Of 405 patients with aSAH enrolled in BRAT, 77 (19%) were ≥65 years old, and 328 (81%) were <65 years old. A lower percentage of older versus younger patients was functionally independent (Barthel index >80) at 6-year follow-up (42.0% [29/69] vs. 82.2% [217/264]; P < 0.001). A higher percentage of younger patients (69.7% [184/264]) had good neurological outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score <3) at 6-year follow-up compared with older patients (31.9% [22/69]; P < 0.001). A greater percentage of older patients treated with microsurgical clipping (51.0% [18/47]) versus endovascular coiling (22.7% [5/22]) had functional independence at 6-year follow-up (P < 0.04). Conclusions: Patients ≥65 years old with aSAH are at increased risk for poor neurological outcomes compared with younger patients. Greater independence was observed in older patients after microsurgical clipping than after endovascular coiling at long-term follow-up.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Catapano, Joshua S.; Zeoli, Tyler; Frisoli, Fabio A.; Burk-hardt, Jan Karl; and Lawton, Michael T., "Long-Term Independence in Older Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial" (2021). Neurosurgery Articles. 1401.