Pulmonary Complications After Spontaneous Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Experience from Barrow Neurological Institute
Objective: Because the clinical course of spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) can be compromised by pulmonary complications, we sought to review posttreatment outcomes in aSAH patients with and without pulmonary complications. Methods: Patient demographic, clinical, and outcome data (March 2003–January 2007) were analyzed retrospectively. Patients underwent microsurgical or endovascular treatment for aSAH; pulmonary complications were reported. Outcomes were assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores at the 1-year, 3-year, and 6-year follow-up visits. Results: The cohort comprised 471 patients (mean age, 53.7 ± 12.4 years; men, 332/471 [70%]). The mean Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at presentation was 11.9 ± 3.0. Of 471 patients, 47% (n = 223) presented with a Hunt and Hess score of ≥3 and 76% (n = 357) with a Fisher grade of 3. Treatment was clipping for 69% (279/407) and coiling for 31% (128/407) of patients. Pulmonary complications occurred in 210 of 471 (45%) patients. Nearly one-half of patients were discharged to home (215/471, 46%), and more than one-half had a good outcome defined as a GOS score of 5 at their 1-year (226/403, 56%), 3-year (217/397, 55%), and 6-year (203/380, 53%) follow-up visits. Logistic regression showed age and GCS scores as outcome predictors at all time points, whereas pulmonary complications predicted poor outcome only at the 1-year follow-up visit. Conclusions: Pulmonary problems represent the most common nonneurologic medical complications after aSAH. Despite advances in critical care, pulmonary complications represented predictors of short-term poor outcome only at the 1-year follow-up visit, whereas the medical history of the patient became more relevant for prognosis in long-term follow-up.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Cavallo, Claudio; Safavi-Abbasi, Sam; Kalani, M. Yashar S.; Gandhi, Sirin; Sun, Hai; Oppenlander, Mark E.; Zabramski, Joseph M.; Nakaji, Peter; Lawton, Michael T.; and Spetzler, Robert F., "Pulmonary Complications After Spontaneous Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Experience from Barrow Neurological Institute" (2018). Neurosurgery. 1301.