Contralateral Interhemispheric Approach to Deep-Seated Cavernous Malformations: Surgical Considerations and Clinical Outcomes in 31 Consecutive Cases
BACKGROUND: Deep-seated periventricular cavernous malformations of the basal ganglia or thalamus can be approached via an interhemispheric craniotomy. OBJECTIVE: To determine surgical efficacy and clinical outcomes of the contralateral interhemispheric approach. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed on patients undergoing an interhemispheric approach for the resection of deep-seated cavernous malformation by the senior author (R.F.S.) between 2005 and 2013. Demographic data and clinical outcomes were reviewed. Pre-and postoperative imaging were analyzed for lesion location, size, associated venous anomaly, proximity to ventricle, and presence of residual. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients underwent a contralateral interhemispheric-transventricular approach, 7 patients had a contralateral interhemispheric-transcingulate approach and 3 patients had a contralateral interhemispheric-transchoroidal approach. Mean age was 40.1 years, and the majority were female (58.1%). Mean maximum cavernoma diameter was 1.97 cm, and 43.8% reached the surface of the ventricle. Average follow-up was 8.9 months, with complete resection achieved in 96.8% of patients. At last follow-up, 61.3% of patients remained stable and 29.0% had improved. Of the patients, 6.5% experienced transient weakness that resolved at last follow-up, and 1 patient (3.2%) had short-term memory problems. There were no surgical mortalities. CONCLUSION: The contralateral interhemispheric approach is a safe, clinically well tolerated, and surgically efficacious approach to deep-seated cavernomas. Copyright Â© 2014 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Zaidi, Hasan A.; Chowdhry, Shakeel A.; Nakaji, Peter; Abla, Adib A.; and Spetzler, Robert F., "Contralateral Interhemispheric Approach to Deep-Seated Cavernous Malformations: Surgical Considerations and Clinical Outcomes in 31 Consecutive Cases" (2014). Neurosurgery. 105.