Is diabetes associated with increased pathological burden in Alzheimer's disease?
Introduction: We examined the association between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypothesized that diabetes is associated with an increased pathological burden in clinically and pathologically diagnosed AD. Methods: All data were obtained from the Uniform Data Set (UDS) v3, the Neuropathology Data Set, and the Researcher's Data Dictionary-Genetic Data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center. The dataset (37 cases with diabetes and 1158 cases without) relies on autopsy-confirmed data in clinically diagnosed AD patients who were assessed for diabetes type in form A5 or D2 during at least one visit. Differences in scores were explored using a general linear model. Effect sizes were calculated using sample means and standard deviations (Cohen's ). Results: The presence of diabetes was associated with a lower Thal phase of amyloid plaques (A score; 4.6 ± 0.79 vs. 4.3 ± 0.85, < .05) and lower Braak stage for neurofibrillary degeneration (B score; 5.58 ± 0.72 vs. 5.16 ± 0.96, < 0.05) but not for density of neocortical neuritic plaques (CERAD score-C score). The National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association Alzheimer's disease neuropathologic change (ABC score) was not different between AD+DM and AD-DM. Discussion: This pilot study found a significantly lower Thal phase of amyloid plaques and Braak stage for neurofibrillary degeneration in AD-confirmed individuals with diabetes compared to those without. Thus type 2 DM is not associated with increased AD pathology in clinically and pathologically confirmed cases of AD.
Alzheimer's & dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Sadrolashrafi, Kaviyon; Craft, Suzanne; Decourt, Boris; Adem, Abdu; Wilson, Jeffrey R.; Miller, Justin; and Sabbagh, Marwan N., "Is diabetes associated with increased pathological burden in Alzheimer's disease?" (2021). Neurology. 918.