Title

Feasibility Study: Comparison of Frontal Cortex Needle Core Versus Open Biopsy for Detection of Characteristic Proteinopathies of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The clinical diagnosis and classification of neurodegenerative diseases based on clinical examination or available biomarkers are currently insufficiently accurate. Although histologic examination is considered the gold standard for diagnosis, brain biopsies have been avoided because of the high risk-benefit ratio. However, brain biopsies have previously been performed with a craniotomy and excision of approximately 1 cm3 of cerebral cortex tissue, and it is possible that needle core brain biopsies would have a lower morbidity and mortality risk. Here, we compared the ability of simulated needle core biopsy versus simulated open biopsy to detect the frontal cortex histopathology associated with common neurodegenerative diseases in the elderly using 144 autopsy-proven cases. Simulated needle core biopsy, as compared with simulated open biopsy, gave close to 90% sensitivity and specificity for identifying graded densities of β-amyloid and neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, phosphorylated α-synuclein, and phosphorylated TDP-43 pathology. This study shows that the presence and densities of the most common molecular pathologies may be histopathologically assessed in simulated frontal cortex needle biopsies, with accuracy very close to that obtained by open cortical biopsy. An accurate estimation of the morbidity and mortality risk associated with cortical needle core biopsy will require specifically designed clinical trials in appropriate subjects.

Publication Date

9-29-2015

Publication Title

Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology

ISSN

00223069

E-ISSN

15546578

Volume

74

Issue

9

First Page

934

Last Page

942

PubMed ID

26230581

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1097/NEN.0000000000000235

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