Title

Posttraumatic Vertigo and Dizziness

Department

neurology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Dizziness and vertigo are common symptoms following minor head trauma. Although these symptoms resolve within a few weeks in many patients, in some the symptoms may last much longer and impede ability to return to work and full functioning. Causes of persisting or recurrent dizziness may include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, so-called labyrinthine concussion, unilateral vestibular nerve injury or damage to the utricle or saccule, perilymphatic fistula, or less commonly traumatic endolymphatic hydrops. Some dizziness after head trauma is due to nonlabyrinthine causes that may be related to structural or microstructural central nervous system injury or to more complicated interactions between migraine, generalized anxiety, and issues related to patients self-perception, predisposing psychological states, and environmental and stress-related factors. In this article, the authors review both the inner ear causes of dizziness after concussion and also the current understanding of chronic postconcussive dizziness when no peripheral vestibular cause can be identified. Copyright © 2013 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Medical Subject Headings

neurology

Publication Date

2013

Publication Title

Seminars in Neurology

ISSN

2718235

Volume

33

Issue

3

First Page

238

Last Page

243

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1055/s-0033-1354599

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