Radiologic Analysis of Balloon Sinuplasty in a Human Cadaver Model: Observed Effects on Sinonasal Anatomy
Background: Balloon sinuplasty is increasingly used in the outpatient clinic for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis, but radiologic analysis of its effects on sinonasal anatomy is largely uncharacterized in the known literature. Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the anatomic effects of balloon sinuplasty in a cadaveric model. Methods: Five fresh cadaver heads underwent sequential endoscopic balloon dilation of maxillary ostia, frontal recess outflow tracts, and sphenoid ostia bilaterally by fellowship-trained rhinologists. Pre- and post-procedural CT imaging was obtained. CT scans were imported into Mimics™ software and sinonasal anatomy was analyzed systematically. Results: Visual confirmation of balloon dilation was achieved in all 3 sites bilaterally in each cadaver. Radiologic analysis demonstrated that the frontal sinus outflow tract was appropriately dilated 60% (6/10 sites) of the time while the agger was inadvertently dilated 30% of the time (3/10). The sphenoid os was successfully dilated 70% (7/10 sites) of the time. In two cases, a posterior sphenoethmoid (Onodi) cell was dilated instead of the sphenoid. Successful dilation of maxillary os was noted 60% of the time (6/10 sites). No significant change in maxillary os was noted after balloon dilation. Normal middle turbinates were significantly medialized following balloon dilation 75% (6/8 sites) of the time. Conclusions: While the goal of balloon sinuplasty is to improve natural sinonasal drainage by dilating existing outflow tracts, as evidenced by radiologic evaluation the procedure appears not to achieve this in all cases, while occasionally creating unintended changes in sinonasal anatomy as well. These unrecognized changes in anatomy may be responsible for the post-procedure change in symptomatology that some patients experience.
American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Lopez, Erin M.; Farzal, Zainab; Norris, Meghan; Canfarotta, Michael W.; Pappa, Andrew K.; Santarelli, Griffin D.; Hernandez, Stephen C.; Thorp, Brian D.; Senior, Brent A.; Zanation, Adam M.; Ebert, Charles S.; Kimbell, Julia S.; and Kimple, Adam J., "Radiologic Analysis of Balloon Sinuplasty in a Human Cadaver Model: Observed Effects on Sinonasal Anatomy" (2021). Neurology Articles. 591.