Argyrophilic grain disease in demented subjects presenting initially with amnestic mild cognitive impairment
A previous autopsy study of patients with amnestic-type mild cognitive impairment (MCI) suggested an overrepresentation of argyrophilic grain disease (AGD). We studied 34 patients who had diagnoses of amnestic MCI during progression to dementia and who came to autopsy. Neuropathologic evaluation included routine histochemical and immunohistochemical methods, including a 4-repeat tau-specific marker (ET3). AGD was found in association with a variety of neuropathologic diseases in 18 (53%) cases but was the primary pathologic finding in only one (3%) case. ET3 allowed the detection of AGD in 5 additional cases missed using standard techniques. Cases with AGD were significantly older than those without (mean, 94 vs 84 years; p < 0.004, rank sum test). No significant differences were found between groups for other demographic variables, association of AGD with neuropathologic findings of Alzheimer disease, Lewy body, or cerebrovascular disease, or global measures of cognitive function, although there was a nonsignificant trend towards worsening cognitive status in cases with AGD. AGD is a common pathologic finding in subjects who have been diagnosed with amnestic MCI. Copyright © 2006 by the American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc.
Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Jicha, Gregory A.; Petersen, Ronald C.; Knopman, David S.; Boeve, Bradley F.; Smith, Glenn E.; Geda, Yonas E.; Johnson, Kris A.; Cha, Ruth; DeLucia, Michael W.; Braak, Heiko; Dickson, Dennis W.; and Parisi, Joseph E., "Argyrophilic grain disease in demented subjects presenting initially with amnestic mild cognitive impairment" (2006). Neurology Articles. 455.