Vegetables, unsaturated fats, moderate alcohol intake, and mild cognitive impairment
Background/Aims: To investigate associations of the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) components and the MeDi score with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Participants (aged 70-89 years) were clinically evaluated to assess MCI and dementia, and completed a 128-item food frequency questionnaire. Results: 163 of 1,233 nondemented persons had MCI. The odds ratio of MCI was reduced for high vegetable intake [0.66 (95% CI = 0.44-0.99), p = 0.05] and for high mono- plus polyunsaturated fatty acid to saturated fatty acid ratio [0.52 (95% CI = 0.33-0.81), p = 0.007], adjusted for confounders. The risk of incident MCI or dementia was reduced in subjects with a high MeDi score [hazard ratio = 0.75 (95% CI = 0.46-1.21), p = 0.24]. Conclusion: Vegetables, unsaturated fats, and a high MeDi score may be beneficial to cognitive function. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Roberts, Rosebud O.; Geda, Yonas E.; Cerhan, James R.; Knopman, David S.; Cha, Ruth H.; Christianson, Teresa J.H.; Pankratz, V. Shane; Ivnik, Robert J.; Boeve, Bradley F.; O'Connor, Helen M.; and Petersen, Ronald C., "Vegetables, unsaturated fats, moderate alcohol intake, and mild cognitive impairment" (2010). Neurology Articles. 431.