Title

Deep Brain Stimulation Targeting the Fornix for Mild Alzheimer Dementia (The Advance Trial): A two Year Follow-Up Including Results of Delayed Activation

Department

neurology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Background: Given recent challenges in developing new treatments for Alzheimer dementia (AD), it is vital to explore alternate treatment targets, such as neuromodulation for circuit dysfunction. We previously reported an exploratory Phase IIb double-blind trial of deep brain stimulation targeting the fornix (DBS-f) in mild AD (the ADvance trial). We reported safety but no clinical benefits of DBS-f versus the delayed-on (sham) treatment in 42 participants after one year. However, secondary post hoc analyses of the one-year data suggested a possible DBS-f benefit for participants≥65 years. Objective: To examine the long-term safety and clinical effects of sustained and delayed-on DBS-f treatment of mild AD after two years. Methods: 42 participants underwent implantation of DBS-f electrodes, with half randomized to active DBS-f stimulation (early on) for two years and half to delayed-on (sham) stimulation after 1 year to provide 1 year of active DBS-f stimulation (delayed on). We evaluated safety and clinical outcomes over the two years of the trial. Results: DBS-f had a favorable safety profile with similar rates of adverse events across both trial phases (years 1 and 2) and between treatment arms. There were no differences between treatment arms on any primary clinical outcomes. However, post-hoc age group analyses suggested a possible benefit among older (>65) participants. Conclusion: DBS-f was safe. Additional study of mechanisms of action and methods for titrating stimulation parameters will be needed to determine if DBS has potential as an AD treatment. Future efficacy studies should focus on patients over age 65.

Medical Subject Headings

neurology

Publication Date

2018

Publication Title

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

ISSN

13872877

Volume

64

Issue

2

First Page

597

Last Page

606

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.3233/JAD-180121

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