Clinical performance of seven prescreening tools for osteoporosis in Iranian postmenopausal women
This study was designed to evaluate seven prescreening osteoporosis models in postmenopausal Iranian women. This study was performed on 8644 postmenopausal women who have been referred for bone mineral densitometry (BMD) in BMD center of Shariati hospital in Tehran between 2001 and 2011. Diagnostic properties of seven prescreening instruments were evaluated. With regard to area under curve (AUC), these models have low accuracy (AUC ≤ 0.65). Considering only femoral neck or total femur area, these models had low accuracy but were more sensitive. Except for three models with sensitivities of ≤65 % in both osteoporosis and fracture threshold, other models were around 70 % sensitive. However, these models were not considered clinically useful regarding their positive predictive values (PPV) especially in BMDs ≤02.5. With regard to different measures of diagnostic property, none of these models were good screening tools for osteoporosis or fracture threshold. Although some of them are sensitive, considering other measures such as PPV indicates that they are not completely useful for clinical use. Attempts should be made for developing newer prescreening methods and calibration of the existing models with regard to the studied population.
Medical Subject Headings
Absorptiometry, Photon; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bone Density (physiology); Female; Femur Neck (diagnostic imaging); Fractures, Bone (diagnostic imaging); Humans; Iran; Mass Screening; Middle Aged; Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal (diagnostic imaging); Postmenopause; Sensitivity and Specificity; Young Adult
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Keshtkar, Abbas; Tabatabaie, Omidreza; Matin, Nassim; Mohammadi, Zahra; Ebrahimi, Mehdi; Khashayar, Patricia; and Asadi, Mojgan, "Clinical performance of seven prescreening tools for osteoporosis in Iranian postmenopausal women" (2015). Neurology. 1503.