Title

Phase II Study of Medi-575 an Anti-Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Alpha Antibody in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

Department

neurology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

MEDI-575, an immunoglobulin G2κ monoclonal antibody, selectively binds to platelet-derived growth factor-α receptor (PDGFR-α) with high specificity. This multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of MEDI-575 in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Adults with first recurrence of glioblastoma following surgery, temozolomide, and radiation received MEDI-575 25 mg/kg intravenously over 60 min every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Six-month progression-free survival rate (PFS-6) was the primary end point; secondary measures included response rate, overall survival (OS), and safety/tolerability. PDGFR-α expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Fifty-six patients were enrolled; median age was 56.5 years (range 23–79), 66 % were male, and 66 % were aged ≥65 years. PFS-6 was 15.4 % [90 % confidence interval (CI) 8.1–24.9]. No complete or partial responses were observed; 23 (41.1 %) patients had stable disease as best response. Median PFS was 1.4 months (90 % CI 1.4, 1.8); median OS was 9.7 months (90 % CI 6.5, 11.8). The most common treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea (16 %), nausea (13 %), and fatigue (13 %). Twelve (21 %) patients reported grade ≥3 AEs, with hydrocephalus (n = 3), dysphagia (n = 2), and convulsion (n = 2) reported in more than 1 patient. Two patients had treatment-related Grade ≥3 AEs of decreased lymphocyte count and asthenia (n = 1 each). Seven patients (13 %) discontinued MEDI-575 owing to AEs. Labeling of PDGFRα in glioblastoma cells and tumor-associated stromal cells was highly variable, with no correlation with PFS. MEDI-575, although well tolerated, had limited clinical activity in recurrent glioblastoma.

Medical Subject Headings

neurology

Publication Date

2017

Publication Title

Journal of Neuro-Oncology

ISSN

0167594X

Volume

131

Issue

1

First Page

185

Last Page

191

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1007/s11060-016-2287-6

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