Title

Engineered Agrin Attenuates the Severity of Experimental Autoimmune Myasthenia Gravis

Department

neurology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Introduction: Agrin is essential for the formation and maintenance of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). NT-1654 is a C-terminal fragment of mouse neural agrin. In this study, we determined the effects of NT-1654 on the severity of experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG). Methods: EAMG was induced in female Lewis rats by immunization with the Torpedo acetylcholine receptor (tAChR) and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). NT-1654 was dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and injected daily subcutaneously into tAChR immunized rats during the first 10 days after immunization, and then every other day for the following 20 days. Results: We showed that NT-1654 attenuated clinical severity, effectively promoted the clustering of AChRs at NMJs, and alleviated the impairment of NMJ transmission and the reduction of muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) in EAMG rats. Discussion: We demonstrated that NT-1654 attenuated clinical severity, effectively promoted the clustering of AChRs at NMJs, and alleviated the impairment of NMJ transmission and the reduction of muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) in EAMG rats. Muscle Nerve 57: 814–820, 2018.

Medical Subject Headings

neurology

Publication Date

2018

Publication Title

Muscle and Nerve

ISSN

0148639X

Volume

57

Issue

5

First Page

814

Last Page

820

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1002/mus.26025

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