Baseline characteristics of the North American prodromal Synucleinopathy cohort.

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OBJECTIVE: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is widely considered a prodromal synucleinopathy, as most with RBD develop overt synucleinopathy within ~10 years. Accordingly, RBD offers an opportunity to test potential treatments at the earliest stages of synucleinopathy. The North American Prodromal Synucleinopathy (NAPS) Consortium has created a multisite RBD participant, primarily clinic-based cohort to better understand characteristics at diagnosis, and in future work, identify predictors of phenoconversion, develop synucleinopathy biomarkers, and enable early stage clinical trial enrollment.

METHODS: Participants ≥18 years of age with overnight polysomnogram-confirmed RBD without Parkinson's disease, dementia, multiple system atrophy, or narcolepsy were enrolled from nine sites across North America (8/2018 to 4/2021). Data collection included family/personal history of RBD and standardized assessments of cognitive, motor, sensory, and autonomic function.

RESULTS: Outcomes are primarily reported based on sex (361 total: n = 295 male, n = 66 female), and secondarily based on history of antidepressant use (n = 200 with, n = 154 without; with correction for sex differences) and based on extent of synucleinopathy burden (n = 56 defined as isolated RBD, n = 305 defined as RBD+ [i.e., exhibiting ≥1 abnormality]). Overall, these participants commonly demonstrated abnormalities in global cognition (MoCA; 38%), motor function (alternate tap test; 48%), sensory (BSIT; 57%), autonomic function (orthostatic hypotension, 38.8%), and anxiety/depression (BAI and PHQ-9; 39.3% and 31%, respectively).

INTERPRETATION: These RBD participants, assessed with extensive history, demographic, cognitive, motor, sensory, and autonomic function demonstrated a lack of sex differences and high frequency of concomitant neurological abnormalities. These participants will be valuable for future longitudinal study and neuroprotective clinical trials.

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Ann Clin Transl Neurol



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