Title

Imaging-guided catheter drainage of abdominal collections with fistulous pancreaticobiliary communication

Document Type

Article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the success of percutaneous imaging-guided catheter drainage of abdominal collections with documented fistulous pancreaticobiliary communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients (age range, 23-88 years) with abdominal collections who underwent imaging-guided catheter drainage were included in this retrospective study. These collections showed communication with either the pancreatic duct (n = 15) or the biliary duct (n = 42) on imaging. The imaging guidance included CT (n = 40), sonography (n = 17), and fluoroscopy (n = 4), either alone or in combination. The success of catheter drainage was described as resolution of the collection on follow-up imaging and clinical improvement. Other treatments directed toward management of leaks or collections were also recorded. RESULTS: The success rates of catheter drainage for abdominal collections with biliary and pancreatic ductal communication were 93% (39/42) and 67% (10/15), respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.01). The three complications seen in this study were pneumothorax in one patient, bowel perforation in one, and death in one. The drainage catheter was upsized in five patients and an additional catheter was needed in nine patients. CONCLUSION: Imaging-guided catheter drainage is a clinically useful option for drainage of abdominal collections that have pancreaticobiliary communications. The success rate is significantly better for collections with biliary communication than for those with pancreatic communication.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Ascites (etiology, therapy); Biliary Fistula (complications); Catheterization; Drainage (methods); Female; Fluoroscopy; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Pancreatic Fistula (complications); Retrospective Studies; Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Ultrasonography, Interventional

Publication Date

12-1-2006

Publication Title

AJR. American journal of roentgenology

E-ISSN

1546-3141

Volume

187

Issue

6

First Page

1591

Last Page

6

PubMed ID

17114555

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.2214/AJR.04.1948

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