Degenerative dementia with proximal radial and lower vertical spatial neglect
A 75 year-old man had a two-year history of progressive memory loss, trouble with finances and getting lost. On examination, he scored 16/30 in MoCA test, noticeably impaired on the attentional tasks. His screening bloodtests werenormal. Brain imaging revealed hippocampal atrophy and bilaterallarge areas of leukoaraiosis below posterior parietal lobes. On vertical line bisection he revealed a large upward bias and on radial bisection, a distal bias. Degeneration of his posterior parietal cortex may have caused both the leukoaraiosis and vertical-radial neglect. Unawareness of portions of space can be a source of disability and cause injury. Therefore, patients with degenerative dementia, especially those with similar patterns of leukoaraiosis or parietal degeneration should be tested for vertical and radial forms of spatial neglect.
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Dementia (complications, diagnosis, pathology, physiopathology); Humans; Leukoaraiosis (diagnosis, pathology, physiopathology); Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Neurodegenerative Diseases (complications, diagnosis, pathology, physiopathology); Parietal Lobe (diagnostic imaging, pathology, physiopathology); Perceptual Disorders (etiology, pathology, physiopathology); Space Perception (physiology)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Pisanuwongrak, Kulrithra; Julayanont, Parunyou; and Heilman, Kenneth M., "Degenerative dementia with proximal radial and lower vertical spatial neglect" (2020). Neurology. 1232.