Title

Preoperative treatment with botulinum toxin to facilitate cervical fusion in dystonic cerebral palsy. Report of two cases

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The authors report the use of high-dose botulinum toxin A for muscle relaxation prior to surgery for cervical spine fixation in two patients with dystonic cerebral palsy that included severe cervical dystonia. Both patients had recently developed progressive cervical myelopathy and surgery was planned to halt the insidious progressive weakness. However, marked dystonic posturing of the neck would have compromised their tolerance of halo fixation and subsequently impeded postoperative fusion. Preoperative chemodenervation of selected cervical muscles with injections of high-dose botulinum toxin A eliminated all involuntary neck movements, permitting the patients to tolerate halo fixation and facilitating postoperative spinal fusion. It is concluded that botulinum toxin A can be used safely and effectively in the preoperative management of patients with cervical dystonia and cervical spondylitic myelopathy.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Anti-Dyskinesia Agents (therapeutic use); Botulinum Toxins (therapeutic use); Cerebral Palsy (surgery); Cervical Vertebrae (surgery); Dystonia (surgery); Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Preoperative Care; Spinal Fusion; Spine (pathology); Treatment Outcome

Publication Date

2-1-1998

Publication Title

Journal of neurosurgery

ISSN

0022-3085

Volume

88

Issue

2

First Page

328

Last Page

30

PubMed ID

9452245

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.3171/jns.1998.88.2.0328

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