Title

Mild cognitive impairment: baseline and longitudinal structural MR imaging measures improve predictive prognosis.

Document Type

Article

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess whether single-time-point and longitudinal volumetric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measures provide predictive prognostic information in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with institutional review board approval and in compliance with HIPAA regulations. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants or the participants' legal guardians. Cross-validated discriminant analyses of MR imaging measures were performed to differentiate 164 Alzheimer disease (AD) cases from 203 healthy control cases. Separate analyses were performed by using data from MR images obtained at one time point or by combining single-time-point measures with 1-year change measures. Resulting discriminant functions were applied to 317 MCI cases to derive individual patient risk scores. Risk of conversion to AD was estimated as a continuous function of risk score percentile. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were computed for risk score quartiles. Odds ratios (ORs) for the conversion to AD were computed between the highest and lowest quartile scores.

RESULTS: Individualized risk estimates from baseline MR examinations indicated that the 1-year risk of conversion to AD ranged from 3% to 40% (average group risk, 17%; OR, 7.2 for highest vs lowest score quartiles). Including measures of 1-year change in global and regional volumes significantly improved risk estimates (P = 001), with the risk of conversion to AD in the subsequent year ranging from 3% to 69% (average group risk, 27%; OR, 12.0 for highest vs lowest score quartiles).

CONCLUSION: Relative to the risk of conversion to AD conferred by the clinical diagnosis of MCI alone, MR imaging measures yield substantially more informative patient-specific risk estimates. Such predictive prognostic information will be critical if disease-modifying therapies become available.

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: http://radiology.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/radiol.11101975/-/DC1.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alzheimer Disease; Case-Control Studies; Chi-Square Distribution; Cognition Disorders; Discriminant Analysis; Female; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Prospective Studies; ROC Curve; Sensitivity and Specificity; Survival Analysis

Publication Date

6-1-2011

Publication Title

Radiology

ISSN

1527-1315

Volume

259

Issue

3

First Page

834

Last Page

843

PubMed ID

21471273

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1148/radiol.11101975

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS