Recurrent Collaterals Of Motoneurons Projecting To Distal Muscles In The Cat Hindlimb
1. Recurrent collaterals of motoneurons innervating muscles that have a role in control of the hindlimb digits were studied with neuroanatomic tracing methods to determine whether these motoneurons have simple recurrent collateral arbors in comparison with those of hip, knee, and ankle muscles. 2. Motoneurons innervating the hindlimb muscles plantaris (Pln), flexor hallucis longus (FHL), or flexor digitorum longus (FDL) were injected with 10% horseradish peroxidase. Recurrent collaterals were reconstructed from serial transverse sections. 3. No recurrent collaterals were observed in a sample of 10 FDL motoneurons. 4. FHL motoneurons had simple recurrent collateral arbors as assessed by number of first-order collaterals, number of collateral swellings, number of end branches, and the highest-order branch of individual collateral trees. Recurrent collateral arbors of Pln motoneurons were more complex than those of FHL motoneurons. Pln and FHL recurrent collateral arbors were less complex than those described for gastrocnemius- soleus, anterior tibial, and posterior biceps motoneurons. 5. These anatomic findings correspond well with electrophysiological results indicating that the recurrent inhibition produced by FHL motoneurons is weak and that FDL motoneurons do not produce recurrent inhibition. In addition, Pln motoneurons are reported to produce stronger recurrent inhibition than FHL motoneurons in many motor pools. 6. Consideration of these results with respect to the mechanical actions and patterns of motor activity observed in FDL, FHL, and Pln suggests that the complexity of recurrent collaterals of a motoneuron pool and the extent of its contribution to recurrent inhibition diminish with its involvement in the individualized control of the digits.
Journal of Neurophysiology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
McCurdy, M. L. and Hamm, T. M., "Recurrent Collaterals Of Motoneurons Projecting To Distal Muscles In The Cat Hindlimb" (1992). Translational Neuroscience. 95.