Multimorbidity patterns and associations with functional limitations among an aging population in prison
© 2018 Objectives: Co-occurring chronic diseases are associated with functional limitations, particularly for the aging population ≥50 years old. Aging offenders (individual who are imprisoned) tend to have greater prevalence of chronic, mental health, and substance use disorders compared to non-imprisoned populations. Our primary aim was to determine patterns of co-occurring conditions associated with functional limitations among aging offenders. Materials and methods: We included all male offenders from one correctional system who were ≥50 years old (n = 2270) and extracted diagnoses for chronic diseases, mental health, substance use disorders, and functional limitations from an electronic health record. We performed a principal factor analysis (PFA) to identify patterns and chi-square to determine if the multimorbid population (≥3 diagnoses) differed from peer groups in regard to functional limitations. Results: Three patterns (chronic diseases, geriatric conditions, and mental health/substance use) emerged from PFA. Functional limitations were associated with the chronic disease pattern (p =.03) where the multimorbid group compared to non-multimorbid peers had 1.5 odds, 95% CI [1.0, 2.1], for having a physical impairment. The geriatric (p =.10) and mental health/substance use disorders (p =.07) patterns were not associated with having a functional limitation compared to the population without multiple diagnoses. Controlling for multimorbidity, functional limitations, and overlapping patterns, increasing age was the only significant factor (p =.02) associated with having a physical impairment. Conclusion: The chronic disease pattern was consistent with investigations that included non-imprisoned populations. However, the geriatric pattern was not significant, which was unexpected.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Gates, Madison L.; Hunter, Elizabeth G.; Dicks, Vivian; Jessa, Peace N.; Walker, Veronica; and Yoo, Wonsuk, "Multimorbidity patterns and associations with functional limitations among an aging population in prison" (2018). Translational Neuroscience. 883.