Evaluation of a minimally invasive procedure for sacroiliac joint fusion - An in vitro biomechanical analysis of initial and cycled properties
Introduction: Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain has become a recognized factor in low back pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a minimally invasive surgical SI joint fusion procedure on the in vitro biomechanics of the SI joint before and after cyclic loading. Methods: Seven cadaveric specimens were tested under the following conditions: intact, posterior ligaments (PL) and pubic symphysis (PS) cut, treated (three implants placed), and after 5,000 cycles of flexion-extension. The range of motion (ROM) in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation was determined with an applied 7.5 N · m moment using an optoelectronic system. Results for each ROM were compared using a repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a Holm-Šidák post-hoc test. Results: Placement of three fusion devices decreased the flexion-extension ROM. Lateral bending and axial rotation were not significantly altered. All PL/PS cut and post-cyclic ROMs were larger than in the intact condition. The 5,000 cycles of flexion-extension did not lead to a significant increase in any ROMs. Discussion: In the current model, placement of three 7.0 mm iFuse Implants significantly decreased the flexion-extension ROM. Joint ROM was not increased by 5,000 flexion-extension cycles. © 2014 Lindsey et al.
Arthrodesis, Biomechanics, Cadaver, Iliosacral
Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Lindsey, Derek P.; Perez-Orribo, Luis; Rodriguez-Martinez, Nestor; Reyes, Phillip M.; Newcomb, Anna; Cable, Alexandria; Hickam, Grace; Yerby, Scott A.; and Crawford, Neil R., "Evaluation of a minimally invasive procedure for sacroiliac joint fusion - An in vitro biomechanical analysis of initial and cycled properties" (2014). Translational Neuroscience. 753.