Fetal Alz-50 clone 1, a novel zinc finger protein, binds a specific DNA sequence and acts as a transcriptional regulator
Fetal Alz-50 clone 1 (FAC1) is a novel, developmentally regulated gene that exhibits changes in protein expression and subcellular localization during neuronal development and neurodegeneration. To understand the functional implications of altered subcellular localization, we have established a normal cellular function of FAC1. The FAC1 amino acid sequence contains regional homology to transcriptional regulators. Using the polymerase chain reaction-assisted binding site selection assay, we have identified a DNA sequence recognized by recombinant FAC1. Mutation of any 2 adjacent base pairs in the identified binding site dramatically reduced the binding preference of FAC1, demonstrating that the binding is specific for the identified site. Nuclear extracts from neural and non-neural cell lines contained a DNA-binding activity with similar specificity and nucleotide requirements as the recombinant FAC1 protein. This DNA-binding activity can be attributed to FAC1 since it is dependent upon the presence of FAC1 and behaves identically on a nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel as transiently transfected FAC1. In NIH3T3 cells, luciferase reporter plasmids containing the identified binding site (CACAACAC) were repressed by cotransfected FAC1 whether the binding site was proximal or distal to the transcription initiation site. This study indicates that FAC1 is a DNA-binding protein that functions as a transcription factor when localized to the nucleus.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Jordan-Sciutto, Kelly L.; Dragich, Joanna M.; Rhodes, James L.; and Bowser, Robert, "Fetal Alz-50 clone 1, a novel zinc finger protein, binds a specific DNA sequence and acts as a transcriptional regulator" (1999). Neurobiology. 616.