Title

Molecular Basis Of Reactive Oxygen Species-Induced Inactivation Of α4β2 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors

Department

neurobiology

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The α4β2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are the most widespread heteromeric nAChR subtype in the brain, mediating fast synaptic transmission. Previous studies showed that α4β2 nAChRs could be inactivated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), but the underlying mechanism is still obscure. We found that H2O2 induced the rundown of ACh-evoked currents in human α4β2 nAChRs and the replacement of the conserved cysteine in the M1–M2 linker of either α4 Cys245 or β2 Cys237 with an alanine residue could prevent the current rundown. Structurally, α4 Cys245 and β2 Cys237 are hypothesized to be in close proximity when the receptor is activated. Western blotting results showed that α4 and β2 subunits were cross-linked when the agonist-bound receptor encountered H2O2, which could be prevented by the substitution of the conserved cysteine in the M1–M2 linker to an alanine. Thus, when agonist bound to the receptor, α4 Cys245 and β2 Cys237 came close to each other and ROS oxidized these conserved cysteines, leading subunits to be cross-linked and trapping α4β2 nAChRs into the inactivation state. In addition, we mimicked an experimental Parkinson's disease (PD) model in PC12 cells and found that ROS, generated by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), could cause the current rundown in α4β2 nAChRs, which may play a role in PD.

Publication Date

8-1-2016

Publication Title

Free Radical Biology and Medicine

ISSN

08915849

Volume

97

First Page

520

Last Page

530

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.07.012

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