Common molecular signature in SOD1 for both sporadic and familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating motor neuron degenerative disease whose etiology and pathogenesis remain poorly understood. Most cases of ALS (≈90%) are sporadic (SALS), occurring in the absence of genetic associations. Approximately 20% of familial ALS (FALS) cases are due to known mutations in the copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene. Molecular evidence for a common pathogenesis of SALS and FALS has remained elusive. Here we use covalent chemical modification to reveal an attribute of spinal cord SOD1 common to both SOD1-linked FALS and SALS, but not present in normal or disease-affected tissues from other neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases and spinal muscular atrophy, a non-ALS motor neuron disease. Biotinylation reveals a 32-kDa, covalently cross-linked SOD1-containing protein species produced not only in FALS caused by SOD1 mutation, but also in SALS. These studies use chemical modification as a novel tool for the detection of a disease-associated biomarker. Our results identify a shared molecular event involving a known target gene and suggest a common step in the pathogenesis between SALS and FALS. © 2007 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Gruzman, Arie; Wood, William L.; Alpert, Evgenia; Prasad, M. Dharma; Miller, Robert G.; Rothstein, Jeffery D.; Bowser, Robert; Hamilton, Ronald; Wood, Troy D.; Cleveland, Don W.; Lingappa, Vishwanath R.; and Liu, Jian, "Common molecular signature in SOD1 for both sporadic and familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis" (2007). Neurobiology. 586.