Title

Discovery and verification of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis biomarkers by proteomics

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Recent studies using mass spectrometry have discovered candidate biomarkers for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, those studies utilized small numbers of ALS and control subjects. Additional studies using larger subject cohorts are required to verify these candidate biomarkers. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 100 patients with ALS, 100 disease control, and 41 healthy control subjects were examined by mass spectrometry. Sixty-one mass spectral peaks exhibited altered levels between ALS and controls. Mass peaks for cystatin C and transthyretin were reduced in ALS, whereas mass peaks for posttranslational modified transthyretin and C-reactive protein (CRP) were increased. CRP levels were 5.84 ± 1.01 ng/ml for controls and 11.24 ± 1.52 ng/ml for ALS subjects, as determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay. This study verified prior mass spectrometry results for cystatin C and transthyretin in ALS. CRP levels were increased in the CSF of ALS patients, and cystatin C level correlated with survival in patients with limb-onset disease. Our biomarker panel predicted ALS with an overall accuracy of 82%. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publication Date

7-1-2010

Publication Title

Muscle and Nerve

ISSN

0148639X

E-ISSN

10974598

Volume

42

Issue

1

First Page

104

Last Page

111

PubMed ID

20583124

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1002/mus.21683

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